Diabetes: Causes, Symptoms, Types, Treatments , Preventions – All You Need To Know

Diabetes; Causes, symptoms, preventions and more


Here is how Diabetes occur;

  • You consume food (which contains carbohydrate/glucose/sugar)
  • Insulin is supposed to take it from your blood into your body
  • Insulin is unable to take it from your blood into your body
  • This leaves your blood with high sugar level = DIABETIES TYPE 2

So the inability of insulin to take the food from your blood into your body leaves your blood with high sugar level which results in diabetes.

 Diabetes occur as a result of high sugar level in your blood which is caused by the inability of insulin to carry the food you consume from your blood into your body.


Imagine it as a mop that moves (Keep that image in your head – cool?)

So assuming you eat a meal now, the meal will be broken down and glucose released into your blood after a series of processes. Thereafter,  insulin will be secreted from the pancreas

The secreted insulin will go into action and mop up the glucose in your blood. It will carry the glucose to parts of your body that needs it.

(Is that clear?)

Cool, Stay with me.

Insulin is a natural hormone produced by your pancreas to control the amount of glucose in your blood.

The function of Insulin is simply to regulate our blood sugar level ( i.e the level of glucose in our blood)


It occurs for various reasons which may seem unbelievable. Some of these reasons are;

1. Insulin is no longer being produced because it has been overworked over sometime.

This is why it is essential to have a healthy diet and lifestyle.

2. The body organs that need the glucose are not sensitive, so they are not “accepting” the glucose  brought to them.

This usually occur in Obese patients. Always maintain a healthy body weight.

3. Genetic composition passed from offspring to offspring. This is as a results of having a family history of Diabetes. If you do, you are at a higher risk of developing it; hence your lifestyle and eating habits need to be healthy.


One of the greatest misconception about diabetes is that it as a result of the consumption of sugar. Diabetes doesn’t occur just because you ate “Sugar”. It is more complicated than that .

Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes have different but similar causes. The causes of diabetes are not alien or specific as bad diet, viral bacterial infections and unhealthy food with chemical toxin can lead to diabetes.


how to prevent diabetes
Photo by Nataliya Vaitkevich from Pexels

Can diabetes be prevented? Well, yes it can. Even people with a family history of diabetes can prevent themselves from having it. How? By the simplest two steps ever;   

STEP 1 : A healthy diet – Maintaining a healthy lifestyle is great and a healthy diet is greater.  Eating consciously with the right knowledge of what, how and when to consume any food is important. One of the triggers for diabetes is chemical toxins in food. These toxins can alter the functionality of the body system making insulin production low or restricting the removal of  excess sugar (glucose) from the blood. 

However, if you eat healthy, preventing diabetes as well as cancer and other deadly ailments becomes easy.  More so, eating anything that is healthy won’t prevent diabetes or other ailments. WHY? What is healthy isn’t always what is right for our body. Milk is healthy but to an individual with lactose intolerance milk is and can be very  harmful unhealthy. 

A healthy diet is the answer – Simply know the foods that works for your body ( from a dietician or nutritionist) and keeps you healthy then stick to eating them.

STEP 2: Constant medical checkups – The importance of constant medical checkups can’t be underestimated in the quest to stay healthy. Likewise, in other to prevent diabetes and other ailments , regular checkups are necessary.  Millions of people around the world have been able to prevent the occurrence and escalation of diabetes, cancers, Std’s and the likes by going for regular medical check ups.

Constant checkup keeps this condition at arms length. It will help you know when the mop (Insulin) is weak and might stop doing its job. 



Symptoms of diabetes
Photo by cottonbro from Pexels

There are various symptoms of diabetes depending on the type and stage of the ailment.  Some of the most common symptoms to look out for are;

  • Frequent Urination
  • constant hunger
  • lack of energy
  • fatigue
  • weight loss
  • excessive thirst

Be cautious of your habits and ensure to see a doctor when you experience all or most of the above symptoms.


The above symptoms  can occur as a result of other ailments or mere coincidence hence a visit to a doctor is necessary to ascertain if you have diabetes.


Diabetes can occur at any age, but it happens more in middle aged and older people. The popular believe amongst people (especially Nigerians and other Africans) that it is a diseases that affects old people only is false.

There are children and teenagers below the age of ten (10)  and 18 respectively who are diabetic. Young adults between 20 -30 years who are diabetic also exist.

Anyone who doesn’t practice a healthy lifestyle, follow a healthy diet and carry out regular checkup can have diabetes irrespective of their age. Diabetes does not only affect old people. It affects children, teenagers and young adults too.


Photo by Nataliya Vaitkevich from Pexels

It is best to see a medical practitioner for treatment and medications for diabetes.  Self medicating and buying medicines prescribed by non medical professionals can cause more harm than good. Be aware that diabetes can be deadly if not treated aright.

You can book a consultation with a Doctor from the comfort of your home here. We refrain from including medications in our blog posts to avoid self-medication without a proper diagnosis.

Diabetes can make one susceptible to other ailments and diseases such as Covid19, kidney failure and even cancer. This is because it weakens the immune system.

Also, untreated and mistreated diabetes through self medication can lead to amputation of body parts such as leg and even death.


This is all you need to know about diabetics, the symptoms  and how to prevent it. There are other adequate information’s that you can get from your doctor and trusted health website.  Stay healthy and avoid self medications. 

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